Justice and Security Programme

What is the Programme About?

  The Justice and Security Programme provides support to the Liberia National Police, the Judiciary, Bureaus of Immigration and Corrections, Ministry of Justice etc. (Photo: UNDP)

The Programme aims to ensure that justice and security policies and systems are in place to deliver effective and timely services to citizens in line with Liberia’s international and national obligations.

With the Agenda for Transformation (AfT), the goal of the Government is not only to further growth, but to also ensure that it can be sustained and ultimately lead to a more inclusive society. Thus, the strategy encompasses economic growth but also inclusion, equity, justice, peace, reconciliation, human development and good governance. This will include the following;

-The government will continue to address the key sources of conflict and insecurity, protecting the citizens of Liberia from violence and crime; delivering justice and upholding the rule of law; reconciling all Liberian people and together building a more peaceful and more secured nation.

-Maintain a secured and safe environment to enable sustainable socio-economic growth and development.

-Ensure long-term peace and stability through 1) managing tensions in society to reduce the risk of future conflict; 2) increasing social cohesion; and 3) ensuring that the principles of human rights are upheld.

-To build the effectiveness and integrity of legal institutions, to increase equitable access to justice and to strengthen the rule of law for the social and economic benefit of all Liberians

- Protect the rights and dignity of all Liberians through a strengthened, credible and independent Judiciary that delivers transparent and timely justice in the courts.This program seeks to support the Government of Liberia through the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) to reform and strengthen security and justice institutions including the Liberia National Police (LNP), Bureau for Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) and Bureau for Corrections and Rehabilitation (BCR) to provide effective services to Liberians.

 

 

 

Accomplishments so far

 UNDP conducted a monitoring exercise on the the impact of the Justice and Security Hub in Zwedru.

Over the period of this program, with a focus on Rule of law and the Community Security and Social Cohesion Project, the following were achieved:

2014

-Infrastructure, equipment, and systems critical for command, control and operational response put in place for the Regional Hub. The 9th Judicial circuit Court completed and operationalized.  The circuit and three magisterial courts now operate simultaneously, thus increasing the number of cases processed in a shorter time frame. Even in light of the negative impact of EVD in the region, a total of twelve SGBV cases were adjudicated in the three circuit courts. 138 telephone calls were received through the SGBV hotline and 99 survivors received psychosocial and medical support in the 3 counties.

-Extensive outreach on hub services provided during the first part of the year. During the period of the EVD outbreak, outreach officers supported their respective county health teams in spreading preventive messages to community dwellers on EVD, while continuing to take citizens complaints for redress. In addition to the 9 complaints filed by the end of June 2014, PSO officers received and referred an additional six complaints to the various criminal justice institutions (Bong LNP; Superintendent, Nimba; Judiciary, Nimba) for redress.

-Police Support Unit (PSU) officers conducted 13 confidence patrols in 74 communities and responded to 14 security incidents. The Border Patrol Unit (BPU) officers also visited 44 border posts while conducting 11 surveillance patrols. PSU officers responded to an additional 7 security incidents in the region, whilst also reinforcing the security presence in Lofa by permanently deploying 15 PSU and 20 BPU officers from the Hub, as well as routinely augmenting the strength of security detachment in Nimba.

-PSU provided regular night patrols, to enforce adherence to regulations during  the 'state of emergency' and assisted County Health Teams and Local Government Authorities in preventing the spread of Ebola. This support helped to strengthen the security detachment in the region, especially in support of county health teams, who were attacked by angry mobs in the administration of their duties.       

-With support from UNMIL, archiving of outdated files for LNP, BIN and SG office to improve the manual record keeping system in the Hub region are underway. 

- Justice and security service providers at the regional hubs level now provide fair and accountable professional services.  13 of 14 (85%) services are being offered. Public awareness on the operations of the Hub is being  provided through a simple English pamphlet and radio dramas played on community radios and UNMIL stations, providing a larger coverage in the region.

-Justice sector institutions now have adequate human capacity to provide key justice services. The deployment of nine legal counsels, five public defenders, 10 human rights and five public outreach officers to counties in hubs 2 and 3 even in the wake of the EVD, justice services were delivered in these counties, although at a slower pace. Grand Gedeh County 7th Judicial Circuit reported the disposal of 75, with most cases administered after the deployment of additional staff.  River Gee was also able to dispose of four pre-trial detention cases during the August term of Court. This has contributed to an increase in access to justice for the people of these counties. Mobility also secured and delivered to justice actors working in the regions.

2013

-Over 1,000 victims of sexual and gender based violence in Bong, Nimba and Lofa Counties  provided prosecutorial, psychosocial, educational, medical and socio-economic support services, inclusive are 730 calling cards. These services have assisted in maintaining a victim-centered approach to providing prosecutorial and other services, to these victims.

-The introduction of justice actors boosted the provision of free legal advice to indigent offenders and contributed to the increase in the number of cases processed at the Circuit level. A case in point is the increase of sexual gender based violence cases adjudicated within the Hub region.This activity has also increased the strength of the defense team and assisted in the deployment of human rights monitors which have subsequently facilitated the release of prolonged pre-trial detainees (PTD) from prisons in the region.  According to Court and human rights monitors’ records, a total of 80 inmates were released in Bong, 13 in Lofa and 6 in Nimba counties in 2013.

-Free hotline number is being maintained which has enabled the police, hospitals, and the public to report incidents of sexual violence. In 2013, a total of 304 calls were received through the Unit’s hotline services that have propelled follow-ups on cases related to sexual violence.

-The Gbarnga Hub, recorded 127 (46 new, 81 old) sexual offense cases in Bong, Lofa and Nimba Counties.

- A Diversion Club established with the aim to promote the prevention of delinquent behavior by children identified as high risk. 2013 recorded 47 juvenile (40 males and 7 females) beneficiaries of the Diversion Program in Montserrado and Bong Counties. All of the beneficiaries are receiving various vocational skills. These occupational skills trainings are geared toward helping juveniles become easily marketable (job-wise) and economically self-reliant. Subsequently, they have developed good moral characters as well as sound decision making and conflict resolution skills, which aid in preventing them from committing crimes.

-In preparation for UNMIL transition and drawdown, the Bureau of Corrections developed a comprehensive strategy to ensure that it upgrades the quality of services rendered through increased man-power training. 2013 recorded 238 Correction Officers for an inmate population which usually ranges from 1,800 to 2,000, representing a prisoner-officer ratio of approximately 1:8 against an expected target of 1:3 (officer: prisoner ratio) as set out in the BCR strategic plan 2009-2013.

-Trainees from the Liberia National Police, the Bureau of Immigration and the Bureau of Corrections now have access to a fully renovated, rehabilitated, refurbished and equipped Liberia National Police Training Center in Monrovia and in furtherance of decentralizing training, there’s a newly constructed Training Center situated in Harper Maryland County in South-eastern Liberia.

- A consignment of communication equipment delivered to the Liberia National Police. With the installation of the equipment, Monsterrado, Bong, Nimba and portion of Lofa Counties are now linked and training conducted has helped boost radio network,transmission, messaging, talk groups, microwave radio and data switch.

2008-2012

•Between 2008 and 2012, over 1,000 justice sector personnel were trained, including police officers, County Attorneys, City Solicitors and police investigators. Also trained were officials of the judiciary including Public Defenders, Judges and Magistrates. This has contributed immensely to some improvement in the dispensation of and access to justice in Liberia. According to findings from a recent quick impact survey of regional hub services, citizens in the area spoke to the fact that they no longer have to pay for legal services as was done in the past.

•The operationalization of the justice and security hub in Gbarnga, Bong County supported with provision of computers, VSAT and vehicles; public awareness on the hub; deployment of public defenders and prosecutors as well as human rights monitors. This has led to improved service delivery in Hub region with rapid response of LNP Police Support unit to civil disturbances and quicker disposition of cases on the docket of courts with the deployment of additional public defenders and county attorneys. The spill-over effect is less crowded jails.

• 150 motorbikes, 100 vehicles (Pickups), communications equipment, helmets, solar lights, border kits as well as uniforms procured, with the Liberia National Police and the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) being the biggest beneficiaries of logistical support under the JSP.

•Other logistical support has also gone to the LNP Emergency Response Unit including 650 set of police items including: BDU Pants, BDU Shirts, Police Boots, BDU Caps, Belts; outer duty belts. As well as 960 T-Shirts; 1,625 pairs of Socks; 325 Duffel Bags; 650 Ponchos; 325 Hand Cuff; 325 Hand Cuff Holders; 325 MagLite Flashlights; 325 MagLite Flashlight Holders; 200 Upper Body Armor; 5 Mini Ballistic Shields; 5 Large Ballistic Shields; 325 Extendable Batons with Holders; 25 Solar Rechargeable Kits; 920 assorted OC Sprays Gas Containers; 10 Tight Holsters; and 10 Shoulder Straps.

•4,000 copies of the police duty manuals printed. The manuals which have been made available to Liberian Police Officers have greatly improved the work ethics of police officers. The manuals speak basically to the work ethics and moral behavior of police officers in the execution of their duties and their engagement with citizens

• Over 4,200 police officers have been trained at the Liberia National Police Academy (LNPTA) made possible by new training facilities which include the construction of additional classrooms, dormitories (male and female) kitchen and dinning facilities. The new facilities now allow the LNPTA to train other security agencies like the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN), Bureau of Corrections and the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). A newly constructed 11-room regional training center situated in the south eastern region of Harper, Maryland County  now turned over to the Government, will further help to decentralize the training needs of the LNP and other security apparatus and serve as a back up to the regional hub already built in Gbarnga and another soon to be built in the  south eastern county of Grand Gedeh.

• Local government authorities with support from UNDP and UNMIL retrieve and destroy small arms and Unexploded Ordinances (UXOs) based on information provided by communities as a result of public awareness campaigns. For example, 12 rifles, 3,708 ammunitions, 5 accessories/magazines/cartridges/ and over 156 bombs/grenades/UXOs collected in Lofa County alone in 2011.

• Training for public prosecutors; support to the pilot Ministry of Justice (MOJ) Juvenile Division programme; construction of two magisterial courts in Toe Town, Grand Gedeh and Sacleapea, Nimba Counties and a Circuit Court in Grand Bassa County; Procurement of mobile partition to ensure confidentiality for SGBV Survivors in all 15 counties  are ongoing. So far, with funding from the Government of Germany, 10 rehabilitated LNP Headquarters are now equipped with Women and Children Protection Units, while 2 newly constructed and or renovated Magisterial Courts and 1 Circuit Court have been officially turned over to the government.

 

 

Who Finances it?



Year Donor Amount Contributed  
2014 Peace Building Fund/JSP
US$4,303,664.3
2014 UNDP/JSP
US$648,252
2014 SIDA/JSTF $4,557,627
2013

Norway

$350,000

2013

Sweden/JSTF  

$2,774,098.8   

2013

Japan/JSTF  

$618,859

2013

Australia/JSTF

$358,456  

2013

UK/JSTF

$142,620

2013

UNDP CORE

$543,000

2013

DGTTF

$30,000

2013

PBF

$2,104,343.82

2012

CORE

$500,000.00

2012

SIDA/JSTF

$500,000.00

2012

Japan/JSTF  

$1,000,000.00

2012

AUSAID/ JSTF

$900,000.00

2012

Norway

$1,465,000

2012

PBF

$777,009.00

2011

OECD

$139,237

2011

DFID

$265,704

2011

Germany

$979,025

2011

Japan

$3,352,000

2011

Ireland

$1,714,288

2011

SIDA

$4,557,627

2011

Australian Aid

$669,968

2011

Belgium

$60,670

2011

Norway

$165,356

2011

USA

$69,359

2011

UNDP

$327,148

2011

Denmark

$116,141

2011

UN

$317,000

2011

MDTF

$3,207,367

Delivery in previous fiscal year

Year Total Delivery
2014 US$256,351.70
2013 $3,616,770
2012 $4,173,504

2011

$11,236,017

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